President Kennedy 1961 Lincoln Limousine
In November 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated in a four-door convertible Lincoln. At that time, the modern vehicle used by the president, had enlarged heating and air conditioning system. Rear seat could be hydraulically raised. 1961 Lincoln powered by 430 cubic inches V-8 engine which produces 350 horsepower. The vehicle was equipped with two-way radio-telephones, one with an encoding “scrambler”.
After Kennedy’s assassination, Secret Service took serious steps to improve the president’s cars for better protection. In 1964 the vehicle was rebuilt, and the refreshed car had permanent armored steel top, bullet-proof glass on fixed windows, armored steel body, and gas tank was filled with urethane plastic foam called “Safom” which minimized the risk of explosion, if bullets were fired into the fuel tank.
In 1967 the vehicle was modified for a second time. Reconstructed rear doors allowed window glass to be lowered. Trunk lid, dented by President Johnson was reinforced.
During Nixon presidency a special trap door was cut into a roof, so president could poke upper body through and wave to crowds.
Original cost of this vehicle is $195,000, and it was in use from 1961 to 1977.